hardly when和no sooner than用法

2021-02-03 12:30:18 评论 4,227
摘要

hardly when和no sooner than这两个短语都有“一……就”、“刚刚……就”的意思,它们的意思非常相近,因此有时可以互换。

hardly when和no sooner than用法

hardly when和no sooner than这两个短语都有“一……就”、“刚刚……就”的意思,它们的意思非常相近,因此有时可以互换。

1、hardly…when...

它的意思是“几乎未来得及做完A这件事,紧接着就开始B这件事。”

使用这个短语时,一般用于过去完成时;并且when有时可改用before。例如:

He had hardly finished the article when the light went out.他刚写完文,灯就熄了。

He had hardly had time to settle down when he sold the house.他还未安顿下来,就卖掉了那所房子。

另外,如果把hardly放于句首,主句要用倒装结构即谓语动词要提前。如:

Hardly had I finished eating when he came in.我刚吃完他就进来了。

Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.她还没走出家门,就有一个学生来看望她。

2、no sooner…than

它的意思相当于“刚做完A这件事,就做B这件事”。例如:

He had no sooner returned than he bought a house.他一回来就买了一套房子。

如果no sooner 位于句首,主句要用倒装结构。例如:

No sooner had he arrived than he went away again.他刚到就又走了。

No sooner had the game started  than it began to rain heavily.运动会刚开始,天就下起了大雨。

no sooner…than 一般用来描述做过的事情,它不能用于表示将来的事。

 

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