duty是什么意思

2020-08-28 12:21:41 评论 1,426
摘要

duty是一个英语单词,名词,作名词时意为“责任;[税收] 关税;职务,人名;(英)迪蒂”。

duty的英英释义

duty是什么意思

Noun

1. work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons;

"the duties of the job"

2. the social force that binds you to your obligations and the courses of action demanded by that force;

"we must instill a sense of duty in our children"

"every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty"- John D.Rockefeller Jr

3. a government tax on imports or exports;

"they signed a treaty to lower duties on trade between their countries"

duty的同义词辨析

duty, obligation, responsibility, function这些名词都有"义务"或"职责"之意。

duty: 指按道德和法律的标准,一个人永远要尽的义务,强调自觉性。

obligation: 指道义上或法律上对他人的义务,强调强制性。也指因作出承诺而被迫履行的某种义务。

responsibility: 指任何义务、职责、责任或职务上所尽的本分,强调对他人的责任。

function: 指因职务或职业关系去履行某种职责。

duty的词根词缀

词根: due

=owe,表示"债务,义务"

adj.

due 应得的, 应付的

due债务,义务→应付的

overdue 迟到的

over超过+due债务,义务→adj.迟到的

n.

due 权力, [复]应付款

due债务,义务→应付的

duty 义务, 责任, 职责, 职务, 税

du=due债务,义务+ty表名词→职责, 职务, 税

duty的参考例句

1、As your father, I can set you free, but in my capacity as a king of the country I must do my duty and punish you.作为你父亲, 我可以释放你, 但作为一个国王,我必须履行我的职责处罚你.

2、Do you consider contributions to the village funds a duty or a pleasure?你把款捐给村庄作为基金,看作是义务还是乐事?

3、This duty is paramount to all the others.该义务是至高无上的.

4、It was clear that the clerk had gone beyond his duty in doing so without authority.很显然,这位工作人员未经许可就这样做是超越他的职责范围的.

5、It's part of the duty as cadres to help the masses.帮助群众是干部应分的事.

6、It is everybody's duty to take good care of public property.爱护公物,人人有责.

duty的考研例句

1、Of course, sons and daughters want to visit the facilities, talk to the administrators and residents and other families, and do everything possible to fulfill their duties.出自-2016年6月阅读原文

2、With the time spent eating, sleeping and taking care of household duties.出自-2013年12月听力原文

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